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LANGUAGE FOCUS
Phonetics
Stress in two-syllable words with the same spelling:
'export (n) - ex'port (v). 'decrease (n) - de'crease (v)...
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Grammar
- Comparative and superlative adjectives
The whole matter is further complicated by the fact that they refuse to sit down and negotiate.
It is best to get to know about the culture of the country where you truvel to.
- Articles
We lay food on the altar as we believe that our ancestors will enjoy the meal with us.
We did have a great time in the ancient city of Hoi An.
VOCABULARY
Words and phrases related to tradition, cultural characteristics and superstitions
belief, superstitious, wedding ceremony...


I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in
pronunciation in each of the following questions.
1. A. tradition                         B. cultural                   C. accordance                         D. similarity
2. A. ritual                   B. superstitious           C. origin                      D. exist
3. A. fortune               B. important                C. ancestor                  D. support
4. A. lucky                  B. success                    C. status                      D. culture
5. A. decided              B. needed                    C. wanted                   D. opened
II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
1. A. belief                  B. story                       C. marriage                  D. wedding
2. A. prepare               B. believe                    C. preserve                  D. offer
3. A. follow                 B. altar                                    C. throughout              D. legend
4. A. argue                  B. venture                   C. couple                     D. diverse
5. A. propose               B. standard                 C. research                  D. engage


III. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following sentences.

1. Cultural diversity expands choices, nurtures ____ variety of skills, human values and worldviews and provides wisdom from the past to inform the future.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
2. Cultural diversity is ____ mainspring for sustainable development for individuals, communities and countries.
A. а                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
3. The Heritage Education for Sustainable Development project aims ____ strengthening the linkage between culture and education for sustainable development.
A. to                            B. for                           C. at                            D. by
4. Cultural diversity (also known as multiculturalism) is ____ group of diverse individuals from different cultures or societies.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
5. Today's workforce is made up ____ a very diverse population of individuals from every part of the world, which creates dynamic multiracial and multicultural organizations.
A. by                           B. from                        C. of                            D. with
6. The phrase "cultural diversity" is also sometimes used to mean ____ variety of human societies or cultures in a specific region, or in the world as a whole.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
7. Globalization is often said to have ____ negative effect on the world's cultural diversity.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
8. Productivity increases exponentially when people of all cultures pull together towards a single ____ goal.
A. inspire                     B. inspiring                  C. inspired                   D. inspiratory
9. Cultural diversity is a driving force of development, not only ____ economic growth, but also as a means of leading a more fulfilling intellectual, emotional, moral and spiritual life.






A. in terms of              B. with respect to        C. in response to         D. with the aim of
10. Cultural diversity is an asset that is ____ for poverty reduction and the achievement of sustainable development.
A. crucial                     B. fundamental           C. critical                     D. indispensable
11. In a diverse workplace, employees are more likely to remain loyal when they feel ____ and valued for their unique contribution.
A. respectful               B. respected                C. respective               D. respectable
12. Diverse cultural perspectives can inspire ____ and drive innovation.
A. creation                  B. creator                    C. creature                   D. creativity
13. By offering a platform for the open exchange of ideas, businesses can reap ____ benefits of diversity in the workplace.
A. the big                    B. the bigger               C. the biggest              D. the most big
14. Cultural diversity is important because our country, workplaces, and schools increasingly ____ of various cultural, racial, and ethnic groups.
A. comprise                 B. contain                    C. include                    D. consist
15. Diversity makes our country a ____ place to live, as people from diverse cultures contribute language skills, new ways of thinking, new knowledge, and different experiences.
A. interesting              B. more interesting                  C. most interesting                  D. least interesting
16. Cultural diversity supports the idea that every person can make a unique and positive contribution to the larger society because of, ____ in spite of their differences.
A. rather than              B. instead of               C. other than               D. in place of
17. Often people are afraid that ___ differences will divide people from each other.
A. recognize                B. recognizes               C. recognizing             D. recognized
18. If you are able to explain the importance of diversity to children and show them how diverse the world is, you can help them to be ____ toward people of different cultural backgrounds.
A. more open-minded                                     B. more opening mind
C. more opened mind                                     D. more opening minded
19. Parents or family members need to sit down and talk with children as well as present them ____ easy-to-understand data, and talk about the importance of cultural diversity,
A. to                            B. for                           C. at                            D. with
20. Bringing together people of various backgrounds with different life experiences can generate ideas or perspectives ____ others may not have ever considered or been aware of.
A. how                        B. what                       C. why                                    D. that
21. The modern workplace is a mosaic of different ideas, beliefs and opinions, which ____ together create an atmosphere of cultural diversity.
A. being taking           B. taking                     C . taken                      D. having taken
22. For some students being in a diverse school or college can prepare them for the real world, ____ they can take a stance on a subject and be able to voice their opinion from an informed point of view.
A. in that                     B. that                         C. at which                  D. where
23. Most authorities tend ____ that diversity is more beneficial to society than it is harmful.
A. to believe                B. believe                    C. believing                 D. believed
24. "Do you have a cultural diversity in your class?" “____”
A. I'm sorry, but I don't see your point in the way you argue.
B. Sure. My classmates come from different areas of our country.
C. I can't understand what my friends talk with their provincial accents.
D. It's very nice to be friends with people of different backgrounds.
25. "Do you think cultural diversity does good to us all?" "____"
A. Actually, I feel very difficult to communicate with people of a different culture.
B. When I travel, I meet a lot of interesting people from different cultures.
C. When you make friend with a foreigner, you are able to know one more culture.
D. Travelling is a part of my business, so I learn much about others' cultures.
26. Understanding and respecting individuals who are different from one's self, ____ racially, socially, ideologically or spiritually, is a natural outcome of understanding the vast diversity of God's creation.
A. either                      B. neither                    C. whether                  D. both
27. The more different cultures work together, ____ essential to avoid problems.
A. the more cultural competency training is               B. the more culturally competent training is
C. the more cultural competent training is                  D. the more culturally competency training is
28. Cultural problems can range from miscommunication to actual conflict, all ____ effective worker productivity and performance.
A. endanger                B. endangers               C. endangering            D. endangered
29. Students who attend schools with ____ diverse population can develop an understanding of the perspectives of children from different backgrounds and learn to function in a multicultural, multiethnic environment.
A. a                             B. an                            C. the                          D. no article
30. In a classroom the teacher can structure learning groups that are diverse and devise activities that require each student ____ to the group.
A. to contribute           B. contribute               C. contributing            D. contributed 




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